The concept of Registered Land was conceived in the 19th century with the establishment of private title insurance companies. These companies guaranteed a clear title to prospective buyers of real estate. This guarantee, of course, protected lending institutions and their investors as well. This concept evolved into law with the Torrens Act in 1913, which was adopted by the State of Ohio. Under this Act any property owner can voluntarily petition to have his land "registered."
Registered Land is surveyed and the boundaries guaranteed correct by the state. It is also subject to specific codes set by law. The title is guaranteed by a state insurance fund against loss to the property owner from land examiner and/or recorder errors. Adverse possession cannot be claimed against Registered Land and property owners must be notified of any involuntary liens within a specified time. All parcels that have been registered under the provisions of this law have a document known as a certificate of title that shows ownership. A Registered Land Examiner approved by the court must handle most of the paper work involved with a certificate of title.