Sir Robert Torrens, the Colonial Treasurer and Registrar for South Australia, advocated for the conveyance reform in 1852 and conceived the concept of Registered (Torrens) Land. He published a Torrens Bill in 1856 and it was adopted in 1858. This is how Torrens (Registered) land received its name. There are three basic keys to the Torrens Bill. All properties would have one document, all interests are registered, and the government guarantees the title.
This concept was adopted by the State of Ohio, and under this Act, any property owner can voluntarily petition to have his land "registered". Registered Land survey boundaries are guaranteed correct by the state. The title is guaranteed by the state insurance fund against loss to the property owner from land examiner and/or Recorder errors.
It is also subject to specific Ohio Revised Codes where adverse possession cannot be claimed against Registered Land, and property owners must be notified of any involuntary liens within a specified time.
All parcels that are registered under provisions of this law have a document known as a Certificate of Title that shows ownership. A Registered Land Examiner approved by the Court of Common Plea must handle most of the paper work involved with a Certificate of Title, and the Court must approve any changes to Registered Land.
There is presently more Registered Land in Hamilton County than any other county in the State of Ohio.
Since the 19th century, private title insurance companies have been established to guarantee a clear title to prospective buyers of real estate. Mortgagors may require a private title insurance company to guarantee the title to protect the lending institutions and their investors even though the property is "registered land".